Great Explorers of the Pacific, Set of 6 coins

6 x 25 g CuNi Set

Available
Denomination
1 $
Country
Fiji
Metal
CuNi
Weight
25 g
Size
Ø 38,61 mm
Quality
Proof
Additions
Gold Plated
Accessories
Box
Accessories
Capsule
Price: 699.00 PLN
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A set of 6 coins showing the famous explorers of the Pacific, including their sailing ships.

Each coin is struck from copper-nickel, coated in 24K gold. The obverse of each coin depicts Queen Elizabeth II. 

Ferdinand Magellan - Portuguese sailor in Spanish service, explorer and sea traveller. He is one of the most prominent figures in the history of sailing and geographical discoveries. He called the Pacific Ocean. On 20th September 1519 he set off from Spain on the west road, that is, through the Atlantic Ocean, to the Spice Islands in the Malay Archipelago. The expedition, which sailed under his command, was the first to circumnavigate the Earth - only one ship returned from the expedition, Victoria. He died on 27 April 1521 murdered by the inhabitants of the island of Mactan in the Philippine Archipelago.

James Cook - English sailor and explorer, cartographer, astronomer. Organizer and manager of three expeditions around the world (1768-1780) on the ship Endeavour. During the first one (1768-1771) he conquered the Society Islands, penetrated areas of Melanesia and New Zealand, reached the coast of Australia (1770) and crossed the Strait of Torres. During the second (1772-1775) he discovered, among others: New Caledonia, Fiji archipelago, islands in Polynesia. The third expedition (1776-1780) organized to find a sea crossing from the Pacific Ocean to the Atlantic Ocean, reached the coast of Alaska, the Sea of Chukotsk and Hawaii, where Cook died in a skirmish with the natives. The maps made by Cook changed the outline of the land and sea. It was also of great importance to state the possibility of colonisation of Australia.

Abel Tasman - Dutch sailor, explorer and merchant. He was the first European to sail to Tasmania and New Zealand during an expedition in 1642-43 organised by the Dutch East India Company. He commanded the ship Heemskerck. He called Tasmania Anthooni van Diemenslandt in honour of his sponsor, governor of the Dutch East India. The English shortened the name to Van Diemen's Land, and then (in 1855) changed it to Tasmania. During his second expedition in (1644) he made maps of Australia's northern coast.

William Bligh - British Navy officer. In 1776 he was elected by James Cook as a member of the crew that participated in his third and last trip. In 1787 he took command of the ship HMS Bounty, which he first went to Tahiti to obtain bread tree seedlings. Shortly after leaving Tahiti, a mutiny broke out on the ship, led by Fletcher Christian. The rebels supplied Bligha and 18 of his loyal crew members with only a boat, small supplies of food, a sextant and a watch. The crew of the boat went through difficult times. First it sailed to Tofoa, where it was attacked by the natives. After escaping from Tofoa Bligh did not stop on the next passing islands (their inhabitants were cannibals). However, Bligh had excellent navigational skills. Thanks to them he did the almost impossible, covering 6701 km and reaching Timor after 48 days of travel, without further fatalities.

Francis Drake - an English buccaneer, made an expedition around the world in 1577-1580. He was a pirate acting on behalf of the British ruler. In 1567, together with his cousin, he took part in an exploratory expedition to the Caribbean Sea and the Gulf of Mexico, which ended in disaster - the Spaniards lure their ships into an ambush south of Veracruz and destroy their ships. Since then, Drake has hated the Spaniards. His fleet consisted of only two ships (the main one was Golden Hind) and 73 men. He crossed the Atlantic Ocean in just 25 days and reached the Caribbean Sea. He robbed Spanish ports. When Drake returned to England in April 1573, he was greeted by a cheering crowd in the port of Plymouth. When King Philip II of Spain demanded that the bandit be punished, the English queen invited Francis Drake to her place to set up a plan for the new journey. Initially, relatives, the aristocracy and the Queen herself were secretly financing the expeditions of Drake and others like him, making illegal and substantial profits from them. After his success in the Panama Strip, Francis Drake was licensed and financially supported by the Queen, becoming the leading buccaneer of England. 

Jacob Le Maire and Willem Schouten - Dutch sailors. During their expedition in 1615-1616 they discovered a strait between the Fire Land and the Isle of the States, now called the Le Maire Strait. They were the first to sail around Cape Horn. Jacob was captain of the ship Hoorn and Will was Eendracht. Between 21 and 24 April 1616, they were the first people of the West to reach the Tonga Islands. On 28 April they discovered the Hoorn Islands, where they were very well received by the natives and stayed until 12 May. They then set off along the northern coasts of New Ireland and New Guinea, visiting the adjacent islands, including the archipelago now known as the Schouten Islands. In August, they reached North Molukasse and finally, on 12 September 1616, they reached Ternate, the headquarters of the Dutch East India Company.

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