10 zł Freedom and Independence Association, 75th Anniversary of the Appointment - The Enduring Soldiers

14,14 g Ag 925

Available
Denomination
10 zl
Country
Poland
Metal
Ag 925
Weight
14,14 g
Size
Ø 32 mm
Quality
Proof
Additions
Pad Printing
Mintage
11 000 pcs.
Date of issue
2020-08
Accessories
Certificate, Box
Series
The Enduring Soldiers
Price: 189.00 PLN
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Another coin issued by the National Bank of Poland, dedicated to the Enduring Soldiers. 

The largest underground army in German-occupied Europe - the Home Army - was dissolved on 19 January 1945 by General Leopold Okulicki. However, in the face of the threat of Soviet oppression, the idea guiding the Home Army was revived on 2 September 1945 and established the Freedom and Independence Association. 

The Freedom and Independence Association continued the idea of the Home Army. FIA consisted mainly of Home Army soldiers, it also took over its organisational structures. Unlike the Home Army, the organisation was of a civilian nature, but it also had numerous armed units, especially in the Bialystok, Lublin and Warsaw districts. It was therefore a military-political organisation. That is why another four FIA commanders (in order to emphasize the civil character, also using the term "presidents"): Colonel Jan Rzepecki, Colonel Franciszek Niepokólczycki, Colonel Wincenty Kwieciński and Colonel Łukasz Ciepliński should also be called AK commanders.

Initially, FIA wanted to counter the communists' electoral victory in Poland by political means, informing the free world about their crimes, lies and falsifications, but the growing Soviet terror also forced the armed struggle to continue. Guerrilla units protected civilians from the occupying forces, broke into prisons, released arrested Poles, attacked the headquarters of the Security Office and the Citizens' Militia, fought against the Internal Security Corps and liquidated officers and agents of the Communist authorities.

Since the spring of 1948, the organisation was under the control of the so-called 5th FIA Headquarters, which was a provocation of the UB, as a result of which it was completely worked out by December 1952 (including the foreign delegation), deprived of the means to act and broken up. On 1 March 1951, in a communist prison on Rakowiecka Street in Warsaw, seven members of the management of the last independent Fourth (Main) FIA Headquarters, headed by Lieutenant Colonel Łukasz Cieplinski, were murdered with a shot in the back of the head. In 2011, to commemorate the heroic attitude of the soldiers of the independence and anti-communist underground, an official state holiday was established - on 1 March we celebrate the National Day of Remembrance for the Cursed Soldiers.

The reverse of the coin presents torn prison bars, which symbolically refers to the activity of FIA. 

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