5$ Space Shuttles

1 oz Ag 999

Available
Denomination
5 $
Country
Cook Islands
Metal
Ag 999
Weight
31,1 g
Size
Ø 38,61 mm
Quality
Antique Finish
Additions
Selective Gold Plating
Mintage
500 pcs
Date of issue
2016-01
Accessories
Certificate, Box
Price: 920.00 PLN
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Space flight is undoubtedly one of mankind's greatest achievements, and with the advent of commercial enterprises, it is expected to once again gain prominence in popular culture.

This coin features gilded images of six shuttles. It comes in a decorative wooden box, and was struck in only 500 copies.

Enterprise - the first American space shuttle. It was originally planned to be named Constitution. However, more than 10,000 fans of the Star Trek television series petitioned President Ford to have the first shuttle named after a spaceship from the series. It is a prototype that never reached orbit - it only served as a practice shuttle to learn how to land without engines and observe the orbiter's behaviour in the atmosphere. 

Columbia - NASA's first shuttle to make a space flight. It was destroyed on 1 February 2003 while returning from mission STS-107, killing all seven crew members.Columbia was named after the Boston-based sailing ship Columbia, commanded by Robert Gray, the first American ship to circumnavigate the globe in the late 18th century. The name also commemorates Columbia, the Apollo 11 command module.

Challenger - the second space shuttle of the American STS Program. It made its first flight on 4 April 1983 on a mission designated STS-6, and was destroyed on 28 January 1986 at launch of mission STS-51-L. The Challenger orbiter was named after the British research ship HMS "Challenger", which sailed the waters of the Atlantic and Pacific between 1872 and 1876. The lunar module LM of the Apollo 17 mission was also named Challenger.

Discovery - a NASA-built American space shuttle designed to make multiple trips to orbit. It was the third NASA shuttle to fly into space (Columbia and Challenger had previously done so). Its first space journey took place on 30 August 1984, and the last one ended on 9 March 2011. Its task in recent years has been to transport crew and replace supplies to the International Space Station (ISS). Discovery carried the Hubble telescope into orbit, and participated in two servicing missions for that satellite.

Atlantis - the fourth NASA shuttle to make a space flight. It was one of five reusable orbiters built in the USA for transporting people and equipment to and from orbit. Thanks to previous experience, work on the shuttle lasted half as long as on the Columbia shuttle. This was due in part to the use of a new heat shield in the upper sections of the orbiter, in the form of large-area pieces of insulating material, which replaced the small plates previously used, which required a laborious assembly process.

Endeavour - the last, fifth space shuttle built by NASA, designated OV-105, was built to replace the Challenger shuttle, mainly from spare parts. From December 2002, Endeavour underwent a period of Orbiter Major Modification (OMM), which ended in the summer of 2006. On June 1, 2011, the shuttle Endeavour completed its final flight and was scheduled to be decommissioned. The orbiter is named after one of James Cook's ships, "Endeavour". It also commemorates Endeavour, the command module of the Apollo 15 mission. 

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